SHAFAQNA – Risalatul Huquq or Treatise on Rights is the only book attributed to Imam As-Saÿÿâd (as) except his hadizes, supplications and letters.
The rights of the actions according to Imam As-Saÿÿâd (as):
– As for the right of prayer (salah) is to know that it is a coming before Allah and that through it you are facing Him. If you knew this, you would be worthy to perform it in the situation of someone who knows that it is low, longing, trembling fearful, hopeful, humiliated, despicable, supplicant; that magnifies who is addressing calmly, head down (1), with its members in a state of subjection, relaxed, realizing in his heart the best confidences of his heart, asking for the liberation of his soul which is besieged by his mistakes and consumed for their sins. There is no Force but in Allah (2).
– As for the right of fasting (saum) it is that you know that it is a veil that Allah has put on your tongue, your ear, your sight, your sex and your stomach to protect you from the Fire (3). In relation to this is the Hadith that says “Fasting is protection against Fire”. If you placate (the fervor) of your members under this veil, you will hope that they are covered and protected (in the hereafter), and if you leave them aside, you will despair to cover them and lift the sides of the veil discovering what it does not correspond, as for example, the look that stimulates the sensuality and the strength that surpasses the limit of the fear of Allah, and thus you will not be safe from tearing the veil and leaving it. There is no Force but in Allah.
– As for the right of charity (sadaqah) it is that you know that it is your provision before your Lord and a deposit for which you will not need a witness (4). If you knew this, you would deposit it secretly and you would be more sure of it than if you deposited it manifestly, since you are more worthy when you realize it as something secret than if you do it in a manifest way. That the matter is in any case secret between this (deposit) and you. Do not seek to manifest what you deposit procuring who testifies to having heard and seen (that), as if that way were safer for your soul, and as if you did not trust that the same charity will return what you deposited. Do not throw in the face of anyone who has made it, that if you do it you will not be safe from it because you see it as contemptible before whom you have thrown it in your face. That would be an indication that you did not procure your soul through charity, because if you had done so, you would not have thrown it at anyone. There is no Force but in Allah (5).
– As for the right of the offering (hadii) (6) is that by your sincere means your desire towards Allah and your seeking of His Mercy and Acceptance, and that you do not seek (to be directed) the looks of the people in place from your Lord’s If you achieve this, you will not be a fake or a simulator. You must know that Allah is procured through the easy and not through the difficult, since that is precisely what Allah asks, the easy and not the difficult. In the same way, the state of humility or submission is for you priority over that of arrogance and lordship, since both grief and fatigue affect those who reach some leadership. As for humility and servility, they do not present any pain or fatigue, since they are innate and present in nature. There is no Force but in Allah (7)
1-In the two versions cited says: “that magnifies who is addressing calmly and solemnly, that you do with your heart and comply in accordance with its stipulations and rights.”
2-In this version is not a paragraph that refers to the pilgrimage (Hajj), which in the two versions quoted says: “The right of the pilgrimage is to know that it is an arrival to your Lord and an escape from your sins to Him. Through the pilgrimage your repentance is accepted and what Allah has prescribed for you is fulfilled. “
2-In the two versions quoted, after “protect yourself from the Fire”, it only says: “If you abandon the fast you will have torn the protective covering of Allah over you.”
3-No testimony of that action will be needed on the Day of Resurrection. This is based on the narration that says: “Charity falls into the hands of Allah (in the power of Allah) before falling into the hands of the beggar.”
4-In the two versions cited only says: “… is that you know that it is a provision with your Lord and a deposit for which you will not need a witness. If you deposit it secretly it will be safer for you than if you did it publicly. You must know that charity repels afflictions and diseases in this world and fire in the next. “
5-That is, the animal sacrificed during the pilgrimage (Hajj).
6-In the two versions cited only says: “… that through you procures to Allah and not his creation, that you do not procures but expose your soul to His mercy and the salvation of your spirit in the Day that you are before He.